What causes acid reflux

What causes acid reflux
What causes acid reflux

The exact cause of reflux can be difficult to pin down, but doctors and researchers do know that reflux happens most often after a large meal. Overeating can put extra pressure on the LES, making it more likely to fail. Also, bending over or lying down after a meal can cause or worsen a bout of reflux.
Some other factors are beyond your control. For instance, one contributor to acid reflux for some people is a hiatal hernia, which can occur at any age. A hiatal hernia happens when the upper part of the stomach and the LES are pushed above the diaphragm. The diaphragm is a muscular sheet under the lungs. It separates the stomach from the chest and allows you to inhale and exhale.Under normal circumstances, the diaphragm wraps around the lower end of the esophagus and also helps keep stomach acid out of the esophagus. However, when you have a hiatal hernia, the opening in the diaphragm is not as snug as it should be, so it’s not helping the LES to remain closed and leads to reflux.
Pregnancy can also cause acid reflux . Happy day, though: That reflux usually disappears when the child is born.
Weight has also been shown to be a significant factor in many cases of reflux. Being overweight, specifically increased abdominal girth (also known as a big belly) increases the amount of pressure put on the abdominal organs, which in turn means more stress on the LES. Even if you aren’t overweight by much, a few extra pounds can be all it takes to trigger acid reflux. The good news is that this works in reverse as well. Dropping a few extra pounds may mean no more reflux.
What and how you eat can also be a significant factor in reflux. Large meals force the stomach to expand more than it wants to, which puts too much pressure on the LES. The more pressure you put on the LES, the more likely it is to fail. And it’s not just how much you eat that can give you reflux, it’s also what you eat. The most common foods and drinks that have been linked with acid reflux include
·  Alcohol
·  Caffeinated beverages (Note: Caffeine doesn’t bother everyone, but it may bother you. More on this controversial topic later.)
·  Chocolate
·  Citrus
·  Coffee
·  Fatty or fried foods
·  Garlic
·  Onions
·  Spicy foods
·  Tomatoes
Other personal habits can cause acid reflux as well. One significant example: smoking. Smoking briefly reduces the pressure of the LES while you’ve actively got a lit one in your mouth, in addition it chronically reduces saliva production and increases acid secretion in the stomach. All these factors can play a role in triggering heartburn and reflux. And that smoker’s cough pushes acid up the esophagus as well. All additional reasons to work on that smoking cessation!
Some medications, whether they’re prescribed or over the counter, can also result in acid reflux. This is why it’s important to list all your medications when you discuss acid reflux with your doctor. Not knowing what’s causing your reflux can make it difficult to figure out the best possible treatment.

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